Canaima National Park National Parks
Canaima National Park is the sixth largest
national park in the world. Covering some 3 million hectares
and with an altitude range of 400 - 2,400m, the park encompasses
the Laguna Canaima, the Carrao river basin, the mountains
of Sierra de Lema, the Gran Sabana and the Angel Falls.
The landscape of the park is dramatic and
contrasting. Massive geological and altitudinal variation
has produced a huge range of habitats within which flourishes
an exuberant diversity of flora. The savanna varies from
dry grasslands to wetlands interspersed with moriche palms.
The moist air of the rainforest canopy is home to bromeliads,
tree ferns and over 500 species of orchid, and cloud forests
are rich in epiphytes, including mosses and lichens. The
landscape is drained by a series of rivers, most of which
are edged by Photo Gallery forests.
The park is characterized by its numerous
waterfalls and is famous for its tepui (table top mountains
rising out of the flatlands), which are concentrated in
the Gran Sabana and create an absolutely stunning setting
at sunrise and sunset. The park is home to massive variety
of exotic fauna. Jaguar, puma, ocelot, bush-dog, spectacled
bear, giant otter, tapir, armadillo, capybara, brocket deer,
agouti, giant anteater, raccoon, peccary, tree porcupine,
sloth and capuchin, red-howler and stripey-faced monkeys
are just a few of the countless mammals found within the
Canaima is renowned for its abundance of
bird species, among the better known of which are toucans,
macaws, parrots, parakeets, cock-of-the-rock, banaquit and
hummingbirds. There are many species of reptile and amphibian,
notably chameleons, caymans, iguanas, tree-frogs and many
species of snake. The average temperature ranges from 10-21ºC
depending on altitude and season. The dry season is from
January to March.
Jaua-Sarisariñama National Park National Parks
Jaua-Sarisariñama National Park occupies the southeastern
corner of the region, covering some 330,000ha. The three
principal tepuis of the park are noted for their distinct
caverns. Formed by subterranean waterways, these are possibly
the oldest caverns on the continent. A range of vegetation
types flourish in the sub-montane and montane habitats,
including many endemic species. Access, however, is restricted
to scientific researchers only.
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